When we talk about Java Indonesia International Destination, then one work of art that have been known since the first time the wayang kulit. Wayang kulit is the cultural heritage of the Island of Java, Indonesiawhich contains teachings about the nature of the human soul. Puppet also has been recognized as a world cultural heritage by UNESCO. Because the power of story, and shrewdness of the puppeteer (dalang) since ancient, philosophically and puppet shows ontological existence of mind and the play of human life.
According to written sources available, puppet known existed from Kediri era (1104-1222 AD). Puppet then reach the popularity of the carved sloping concrete image in the era of Demak. The guardians of Islam propagator make puppets look different colors. As the media conveys messages to the public, used leather puppet show of the saints – especially Sunan Kalijogo – for the purpose of da’wah (spreading Islam and syiar).
In short, the puppet through the boundaries of space and time to the present. Thousands of performances still met every day live on TV and radio stations to villages. Fans not only the Javanese themselves, but is very multicultural. The artist considered one of the puppet as an aesthetic peak of Java, because in one scene includes performing arts, painting, music, dance and audio-visual arts.
Term puppet also has many meanings. Puppet sometimes interpreted as an imitation of people, animate, and other objects made of carved animal skins, wood, paper, and other objects. Copies can be used to portray the characters in traditional drama played by a puppeteer (dalang). There are many types of puppets from wayang beber, wayang gedhog, wayang golek, wayang keling, wayang klitik, wayang kulit, wayang mbeling, wayang kancil, wayang wong etc.
Especially for wayang kulit, the source of the story comes from the Books of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Both books come from India, but when he came upon the Island of Java Indonesia, there was Several stories have domestifikasi. Adapted to the situation and environmental conditions of Java. As one of the top aesthetic Java, wayang is right when promoted as a valuable work of art (master piece) the promotion of Indonesia in Indonesia Java International Destination.
Reference: Warisan Budaya Dunia, Elmatera Publishing Yogyakarta, Cetakan I Januari 2010.